'1955: Key Events

  • Nehru’s celebrated speech at the Avadi Congress calls for a ‘Socialistic Pattern of Society’. Khrushchev and Bulganin come to India. Nehru attends the Bandung Afro-Asian Conference, which inaugurates the Non- Aligned Movement in a cold war context. The leaders of the movement, Nehru, Nasser and Tito, meet again at Briony in 1956.
  • Cow slaughter is banned in Andhra Pradesh.
  • The National Defence Academy is set up at Khadakvasla.
  • The Hindu Marriage Act is amended, making the minimum marriageable age for women 15 and for men 18; it also provides for divorces and individual separations.
  • Dharamvir Bharati writes his Hindi verse play, Andha Yug; staged by Satyadev Dubey for Theatre Unit in 1960, it is one of the inaugural productions of a modern, post- Independence Indian theatre.
  • Pather Panchali has its world première at the Museum of Modern Art, New York, coinciding with the official opening of the Textiles and Ornamental Arts of India Exhibition; in India, the film makes money for the West Bengal State Government, a significant factor in persuading the central government to set up the Film Finance Corporation in 1960, long after it had rejected the 1951 Enquiry Committee’s recommendation as financially impracticable.
  • Festivals of Indian cinema in Beijing and London.
  • The South Indian Film Chamber of Commerce starts the Journal of the Film Chamber.
  • The High Court at Andhra Pradesh grants an interim stay on the law of compulsory exhibition of ‘approved’ films and on the show tax.
Last modified 11 years ago Last modified on Feb 7, 2013, 3:43:27 PM