1943: Key Events

  • The Bengal famine (1943-4), a direct consequence of war profiteering and speculation, leaves five million dead.
  • Subhash Chandra Bose arrives in Singapore by submarine from Kiel and becomes Supreme Commander of the Indian National Army. He proclaims a ‘Provisional Government of Azad Hind’ (Free India). His government in exile is immediately recognised by Germany and Japan.
  • The Muslim League amends the ‘Quit India’ resolution to ‘Divide And Quit’.
  • The Calcutta Group of painters, including Gopal Ghosh, Prodosh Dasgupta and Nirode Majumdar, has its first show.
  • Kismet, one of the biggest hits in Indian film history, is released.
  • the Defence of India Act is amended to force all distributors to pay for and to show the Indian News Parade.
  • K. Ramnoth? starts the Cine Technicians Association of South India.
  • Court Dancer, the English version of Raj Nartaki, is released in the USA in a few provincial theatres.
  • Kalish Mukhopadhyay starts the seminal Bengali film monthly Rupamancha, with extensive film and performing arts reviews, committed to film education and to the reorganisation of the industry.
Last modified 11 years ago Last modified on Feb 7, 2013, 3:13:36 PM