1897: Key Events

  • Damodar Hari Chaphekar assassinates Charles Rand, the ‘Plague Commissioner’, and Ayres, the district magistrate, for their handling of plague relief measures; he is hanged with his two brothers in 1898. A Marathi film 22 June 1897 about this incident was made in 1979 by Jayoo Patwardhan and Nachiket Patwardhan
  • First films shown in Calcutta and Madras
  • Clifton & Co. announce daily screenings at their Meadows Street photography studio, Bombay.


Clifton & Company appears in Bombay in the 1870s. The firm quickly became a popular provider of colorful postcards from agrowing seaport. They record the transformation of Bombay from a harbour into a large merchant town. Clifton & Co. supplied the photographs for Playne’s The Bombay Presidency (1918-1920), a thick book surveying businesses across the Raj. Their location is listed in 1918 at the Albert Buildings on Hornby Road. Their postcards are among the most popular of India in the early 1900s, and they seem to have defined types and views from across the sub-continent, often using other photographer’s work, like that of Fred Bremner. (Source:

Last modified 12 years ago Last modified on Jan 25, 2012, 8:11:38 PM