Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Utpal dutt

May 25, 2012, 12:11:31 PM (11 years ago)



  • Utpal dutt

    v1 v1  
     2== Utpal Dutt == 
     4Prolific Bengali and Hindi actor born in 
     5Shillong, Assam; also director and a major 
     6Marxist theatre personality in Bengal. After 
     71977 associated with the CPI(M). Started career 
     8in the 40s with Geoffrey Kendall’s theatre 
     9group performing Shakespeare, later directing 
     10Shakespeare for the Little Theatre Group. 
     11Formed his own group in 1949, then joined the 
     12Bengal unit of IPTA (1950-1) doing agitational 
     13plays staged on street corners and occasionally 
     14during political rallies to massive audiences, 
     15such as Chargesheet (1950), written overnight 
     16following the arrest of CP members and 
     17performed next day at Hazra Park. The Special 
     18Train was performed on behalf of striking 
     19workers of the Hindustan Automobile Factory, 
     20Uttarpara (1961). Also did theatrical 
     21spectaculars: Angar (1959), Kallol (1965; a play 
     22about the Royal Indian Navy mutiny of 1946, 
     23sparking off political rallies), Din Badaler Pala 
     24(1967, written for the CPI(M)’s electoral 
     25campaign) and Tiner Talwar (1970). Barricade 
     26(1972) and Dushwapner Nagari (1975) were 
     27staged in the context of the Emergency. Also 
     28made major interventions in the Jatra form (e.g. 
     29Rifle, Sanyasir Tarabari). Claims influence of 
     30Erwin Piscator to ‘create proletarian myths of 
     31revolution’ (cf. Dutt, 1984). His work, 
     32comprising mostly historical reconstructions, 
     33was criticised by the Left for its determinism 
     34and the recourse to the ‘ great man’ theory of 
     35history. Prolific film actor with a spectacular 
     36début as Michael Madhusudhan, a 
     37legendary 19th C. Bengali poet, repeating the 
     38role several times on the stage. After Mrinal 
     39Sen’s Bhuvan Shome, shifted to Hindi films, 
     40often playing retired soldiers or bluff comedian 
     41fathers (Guddi) in melodramas. Also important 
     42comedy roles in Bengali, e.g. Mohan Baganer 
     43Meye, Shriman Prithviraj et al. Claimed to act 
     44in films mainly to finance his theatrical work. 
     45Played key roles in recent Satyajit Ray films, 
     46e.g. the king in Hirak Rajar Deshe and the 
     47stranger in Agantuk. Directorial work extends 
     48his theatrical work. Autobiography, including 
     49his views on theatre, published in 1982. 
     50Stridently populist essays on film, often 
     51targeting the New Indian Cinema were 
     52published after his death as Towards A Heroic 
     53Cinema (1994).