Changes between Version 2 and Version 3 of TracNotification


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Timestamp:
Aug 13, 2019, 3:52:01 PM (8 days ago)
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trac
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  • TracNotification

    v2 v3  
    1 = Email Notification of Ticket Changes = 
     1= Email Notification of Ticket Changes 
    22[[TracGuideToc]] 
    33 
     
    88Disabled by default, notification can be activated and configured in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini]. 
    99 
    10 == Receiving Notification Mails == 
    11 When reporting a new ticket or adding a comment, enter a valid email address or your username in the ''reporter'', ''assigned to/owner'' or ''cc'' field. Trac will automatically send you an email when changes are made to the ticket (depending on how notification is configured). 
    12  
    13 This is useful to keep up-to-date on an issue or enhancement request that interests you. 
    14  
    15 === How to use your username to receive notification mails === 
    16  
    17 To receive notification mails, you can either enter a full email address or your username. To get notified with a simple username or login, you need to specify a valid email address in the ''Preferences'' page.  
    18  
    19 Alternatively, a default domain name ('''`smtp_default_domain`''') can be set in the TracIni file (see [#ConfigurationOptions Configuration Options] below). In this case, the default domain will be appended to the username, which can be useful for an "Intranet" kind of installation. 
     10== Receiving Notification Mails 
     11When reporting a new ticket or adding a comment, enter a valid email address or your Trac username in the ''reporter'', ''assigned to/owner'' or ''cc'' field. Trac will automatically send you an email when changes are made to the ticket, depending on how notification is configured. 
     12 
     13=== How to use your username to receive notification mails 
     14 
     15To receive notification mails, you can either enter a full email address or your Trac username. To get notified with a simple username or login, you need to specify a valid email address in the ''Preferences'' page.  
     16 
     17Alternatively, a default domain name ('''`smtp_default_domain`''') can be set in the TracIni file, see [#ConfigurationOptions Configuration Options] below. In this case, the default domain will be appended to the username, which can be useful for an "Intranet" kind of installation. 
    2018 
    2119When using apache and mod_kerb for authentication against Kerberos / Active Directory, usernames take the form ('''`username@EXAMPLE.LOCAL`'''). To avoid this being interpreted as an email address, add the Kerberos domain to  ('''`ignore_domains`'''). 
    2220 
    23 == Configuring SMTP Notification == 
     21=== Ticket attachment notifications 
     22 
     23Since 1.0.3 Trac will send notifications when a ticket attachment is added or deleted. Usually attachment notifications will be enabled in an environment by default. To disable the attachment notifications for an environment the `TicketAttachmentNotifier` component must be disabled: 
     24{{{#!ini 
     25[components] 
     26trac.ticket.notification.TicketAttachmentNotifier = disabled 
     27}}} 
     28 
     29== Configuring SMTP Notification 
    2430 
    2531'''Important:''' For TracNotification to work correctly, the `[trac] base_url` option must be set in [wiki:TracIni trac.ini].  
    2632 
    27 === Configuration Options === 
    28 These are the available options for the `[notification]` section in trac.ini. 
    29  
    30  * '''`smtp_enabled`''': Enable email notification. 
    31  * '''`smtp_from`''': Email address to use for ''Sender''-headers in notification emails. 
    32  * '''`smtp_from_name`''': Sender name to use for ''Sender''-headers in notification emails. 
    33  * '''`smtp_from_author`''': (''since 1.0'') Use the author of a change (the reporter of a new ticket, or the author of a comment) as the `From:` header value in notification e-mails (default: false). If the author hasn't set an e-mail address, `smtp_from` and `smtp_from_name` are used instead. 
    34  * '''`smtp_replyto`''': Email address to use for ''Reply-To''-headers in notification emails. 
    35  * '''`smtp_default_domain`''': (''since 0.10'') Append the specified domain to addresses that do not contain one. Fully qualified addresses are not modified. The default domain is appended to all username/login for which an email address cannot be found from the user settings. 
    36  * '''`smtp_always_cc`''': List of email addresses to always send notifications to. ''Typically used to post ticket changes to a dedicated mailing list.'' 
    37  * '''`smtp_always_bcc`''': (''since 0.10'') List of email addresses to always send notifications to, but keeps addresses not visible from other recipients of the notification email  
    38  * '''`smtp_subject_prefix`''': (''since 0.10.1'') Text that is inserted before the subject of the email. Set to "!__default!__" by default. 
    39  * '''`always_notify_reporter`''':  Always send notifications to any address in the reporter field (default: false). 
    40  * '''`always_notify_owner`''': (''since 0.9'') Always send notifications to the address in the owner field (default: false). 
    41  * '''`always_notify_updater`''': (''since 0.10'') Always send a notification to the updater of a ticket (default: true). 
    42  * '''`use_public_cc`''': (''since 0.10'') Addresses in To: (owner, reporter) and Cc: lists are visible by all recipients (default is ''Bcc:'' - hidden copy). 
    43  * '''`use_short_addr`''': (''since 0.10'') Enable delivery of notifications to addresses that do not contain a domain (i.e. do not end with ''@<domain.com>'').This option is useful for intranets, where the SMTP server can handle local addresses and map the username/login to a local mailbox. See also `smtp_default_domain`. Do not use this option with a public SMTP server.  
    44  * '''`ignore_domains`''': Comma-separated list of domains that should not be considered part of email addresses (for usernames with Kerberos domains). 
    45  * '''`mime_encoding`''': (''since 0.10'') This option allows selecting the MIME encoding scheme. Supported values: 
    46    * `none`: default value, uses 7bit encoding if the text is plain ASCII, or 8bit otherwise.  
    47    * `base64`: works with any kind of content. May cause some issues with touchy anti-spam/anti-virus engines. 
    48    * `qp` or `quoted-printable`: best for european languages (more compact than base64) if 8bit encoding cannot be used. 
    49  * '''`ticket_subject_template`''': (''since 0.11'') A [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Documentation/text-templates.html Genshi text template] snippet used to get the notification subject. 
    50  * '''`email_sender`''': (''since 0.12'') Name of the component implementing `IEmailSender`. This component is used by the notification system to send emails. Trac currently provides the following components: 
    51    * `SmtpEmailSender`: connects to an SMTP server (default). 
    52    * `SendmailEmailSender`: runs a `sendmail`-compatible executable. 
    53  
    54 Either '''`smtp_from`''' or '''`smtp_replyto`''' (or both) ''must'' be set, otherwise Trac refuses to send notification mails. 
    55  
    56 The following options are specific to email delivery through SMTP. 
    57  * '''`smtp_server`''': SMTP server used for notification messages. 
    58  * '''`smtp_port`''': (''since 0.9'') Port used to contact the SMTP server. 
    59  * '''`smtp_user`''': (''since 0.9'') User name for authentication SMTP account. 
    60  * '''`smtp_password`''': (''since 0.9'') Password for authentication SMTP account. 
    61  * '''`use_tls`''': (''since 0.10'') Toggle to send notifications via a SMTP server using [http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Transport_Layer_Security TLS], such as GMail. 
    62  
    63 The following option is specific to email delivery through a `sendmail`-compatible executable. 
    64  * '''`sendmail_path`''': (''since 0.12'') Path to the sendmail executable. The sendmail program must accept the `-i` and `-f` options. 
    65  
    66 === Example Configuration (SMTP) === 
    67 {{{ 
     33=== Configuration Options 
     34These are the available options for the `[notification]` section in trac.ini: 
     35 
     36[[TracIni(notification)]] 
     37 
     38=== Example Configuration (SMTP) 
     39{{{#!ini 
    6840[notification] 
    6941smtp_enabled = true 
     
    7446}}} 
    7547 
    76 === Example Configuration (`sendmail`) === 
    77 {{{ 
     48=== Example Configuration (`sendmail`) 
     49{{{#!ini 
    7850[notification] 
    7951smtp_enabled = true 
     
    8557}}} 
    8658 
    87 === Customizing the e-mail subject === 
     59=== Subscriber Configuration 
     60The default subscriptions are configured in the `[notification-subscriber]` section in trac.ini: 
     61 
     62[[TracIni(notification-subscriber)]] 
     63 
     64Each user can override these defaults in his ''Notifications'' preferences. 
     65 
     66For example to unsubscribe from notifications for one's own changes and comments, the rule "Never notify: I update a ticket" should be added above other subscription rules. 
     67 
     68=== Customizing the e-mail subject 
    8869The e-mail subject can be customized with the `ticket_subject_template` option, which contains a [http://genshi.edgewall.org/wiki/Documentation/text-templates.html Genshi text template] snippet. The default value is: 
    89 {{{ 
     70{{{#!genshi 
    9071$prefix #$ticket.id: $summary 
    9172}}} 
     
    9576 * `prefix`: The prefix defined in `smtp_subject_prefix`. 
    9677 * `summary`: The ticket summary, with the old value if the summary was edited. 
    97  * `ticket`: The ticket model object (see [trac:source:/trunk/trac/ticket/model.py model.py]). Individual ticket fields can be addressed by appending the field name separated by a dot, e.g. `$ticket.milestone`. 
    98  
    99 === Customizing the e-mail content === 
    100  
    101 The notification e-mail content is generated based on `ticket_notify_email.txt` in `trac/templates`. You can add your own version of this template by adding a `ticket_notify_email.txt` to the templates directory of your environment. The default looks like this: 
    102  
    103 {{{ 
     78 * `ticket`: The ticket model object (see [trac:source:/trunk/trac/ticket/model.py model.py]). Individual ticket fields can be addressed by appending the field name separated by a dot, eg `$ticket.milestone`. 
     79 
     80=== Customizing the e-mail content 
     81 
     82The notification e-mail content is generated based on `ticket_notify_email.txt` in `trac/ticket/templates`. You can add your own version of this template by adding a `ticket_notify_email.txt` to the templates directory of your environment. The default looks like this: 
     83 
     84{{{#!genshi 
    10485$ticket_body_hdr 
    10586$ticket_props 
     
    135116$project.descr 
    136117}}} 
    137 == Sample Email == 
     118 
     119== Sample Email 
    138120{{{ 
    139121#42: testing 
     
    146128---------------------------+------------------------------------------------ 
    147129Changes: 
    148   * component:  changset view => search system 
     130  * component:  changeset view => search system 
    149131  * priority:  low => highest 
    150132  * owner:  jonas => anonymous 
     
    161143}}} 
    162144 
    163  
    164 == Customizing e-mail content for MS Outlook == 
    165  
    166 Out-of-the-box, MS Outlook normally presents plain text e-mails with a variable-width font; the ticket properties table will most certainly look like a mess in MS Outlook. This can be fixed with some customization of the [#Customizingthee-mailcontent e-mail template]. 
     145== Customizing e-mail content for MS Outlook 
     146 
     147MS Outlook normally presents plain text e-mails with a variable-width font, and as a result the ticket properties table will most certainly look like a mess in MS Outlook. This can be fixed with some customization of the [#Customizingthee-mailcontent e-mail template]. 
    167148 
    168149Replace the following second row in the template: 
     
    171152}}} 
    172153 
    173 with this instead (''requires Python 2.6 or later''): 
     154with this (requires Python 2.6 or later): 
    174155{{{ 
    175156-------------------------------------------------------------------------- 
     
    185166}}} 
    186167 
    187 The table of ticket properties is replaced with a list of a selection of the properties. A tab character separates the name and value in such a way that most people should find this more pleasing than the default table, when using MS Outlook. 
     168The table of ticket properties is replaced with a list of a selection of the properties. A tab character separates the name and value in such a way that most people should find this more pleasing than the default table when using MS Outlook. 
    188169{{{#!div style="margin: 1em 1.75em; border:1px dotted" 
    189170{{{#!html 
     
    205186Changes:<br /> 
    206187<br /> 
    207 &nbsp;&nbsp;* component: &nbsp;changset view =&gt; search system<br /> 
     188&nbsp;&nbsp;* component: &nbsp;changeset view =&gt; search system<br /> 
    208189&nbsp;&nbsp;* priority: &nbsp;low =&gt; highest<br /> 
    209190&nbsp;&nbsp;* owner: &nbsp;jonas =&gt; anonymous<br /> 
     
    221202}}} 
    222203 
    223 **Important**: Only those ticket fields that are listed in `sel` are part of the HTML mail. If you have defined custom ticket fields which shall be part of the mail they have to be added to `sel`, example: 
     204**Important**: Only those ticket fields that are listed in `sel` are part of the HTML mail. If you have defined custom ticket fields which are to be part of the mail, then they have to be added to `sel`. Example: 
    224205{{{ 
    225206   sel = ['Reporter', ..., 'Keywords', 'Custom1', 'Custom2'] 
    226207}}} 
    227208 
    228 However, it's not as perfect as an automatically HTML-formatted e-mail would be, but presented ticket properties are at least readable by default in MS Outlook... 
    229  
    230  
    231 == Using GMail as the SMTP relay host == 
    232  
    233 Use the following configuration snippet 
    234 {{{ 
     209However, the solution is still a workaround to an automatically HTML-formatted e-mail. 
     210 
     211== Using GMail as the SMTP relay host 
     212 
     213Use the following configuration snippet: 
     214{{{#!ini 
    235215[notification] 
    236216smtp_enabled = true 
     
    243223}}} 
    244224 
    245 where ''user'' and ''password'' match an existing GMail account, ''i.e.'' the ones you use to log in on [http://gmail.com] 
     225where ''user'' and ''password'' match an existing GMail account, ie the ones you use to log in on [http://gmail.com]. 
    246226 
    247227Alternatively, you can use `smtp_port = 25`.[[br]] 
    248 You should not use `smtp_port = 465`. It will not work and your ticket submission may deadlock. Port 465 is reserved for the SMTPS protocol, which is not supported by Trac. See [comment:ticket:7107:2 #7107] for details. 
    249   
    250 == Filtering notifications for one's own changes == 
    251 In Gmail, use the filter: 
    252  
    253 {{{ 
    254 from:(<smtp_from>) (("Reporter: <username>" -Changes) OR "Changes (by <username>)") 
    255 }}} 
    256  
    257 For Trac .10, use the filter: 
    258 {{{ 
    259 from:(<smtp_from>) (("Reporter: <username>" -Changes -Comment) OR "Changes (by <username>)" OR "Comment (by <username>)") 
    260 }}} 
    261  
    262 to delete these notifications. 
    263  
    264 In Thunderbird, there is no such solution if you use IMAP 
    265 (see http://kb.mozillazine.org/Filters_(Thunderbird)#Filtering_the_message_body). 
    266  
    267 The best you can do is to set "always_notify_updater" in conf/trac.ini to false. 
    268 You will however still get an email if you comment a ticket that you own or have reported. 
    269  
    270 You can also add this plugin: 
    271 http://trac-hacks.org/wiki/NeverNotifyUpdaterPlugin 
    272  
    273 == Troubleshooting == 
     228You should not use `smtp_port = 465`. Doing so may deadlock your ticket submission. Port 465 is reserved for the SMTPS protocol, which is not supported by Trac. See [trac:comment:2:ticket:7107 #7107] for details. 
     229 
     230== Troubleshooting 
    274231 
    275232If you cannot get the notification working, first make sure the log is activated and have a look at the log to find if an error message has been logged. See TracLogging for help about the log feature. 
    276233 
    277 Notification errors are not reported through the web interface, so the user who submit a change or a new ticket never gets notified about a notification failure. The Trac administrator needs to look at the log to find the error trace. 
    278  
    279 === ''Permission denied'' error === 
     234Notification errors are not reported through the web interface, so the user who submits a change or a new ticket never gets notified about a notification failure. The Trac administrator needs to look at the log to find the error trace. 
     235 
     236=== ''Permission denied'' error 
    280237 
    281238Typical error message: 
    282 {{{ 
     239{{{#!sh 
    283240  ... 
    284241  File ".../smtplib.py", line 303, in connect 
     
    287244}}} 
    288245 
    289 This error usually comes from a security settings on the server: many Linux distributions do not let the web server (Apache, ...) to post email message to the local SMTP server. 
     246This error usually comes from a security settings on the server: many Linux distributions do not allow the web server (Apache, ...) to post email messages to the local SMTP server. 
    290247 
    291248Many users get confused when their manual attempts to contact the SMTP server succeed: 
    292 {{{ 
     249{{{#!sh 
    293250telnet localhost 25 
    294251}}} 
    295 The trouble is that a regular user may connect to the SMTP server, but the web server cannot: 
    296 {{{ 
     252This is because a regular user may connect to the SMTP server, but the web server cannot: 
     253{{{#!sh 
    297254sudo -u www-data telnet localhost 25 
    298255}}} 
    299256 
    300 In such a case, you need to configure your server so that the web server is authorized to post to the SMTP server. The actual settings depend on your Linux distribution and current security policy. You may find help browsing the Trac [trac:MailingList MailingList] archive. 
     257In such a case, you need to configure your server so that the web server is authorized to post to the SMTP server. The actual settings depend on your Linux distribution and current security policy. You may find help in the Trac [trac:MailingList MailingList] archive. 
    301258 
    302259Relevant ML threads: 
     
    304261 
    305262For SELinux in Fedora 10: 
    306 {{{ 
     263{{{#!sh 
    307264$ setsebool -P httpd_can_sendmail 1 
    308265}}} 
    309 === ''Suspected spam'' error === 
     266 
     267=== ''Suspected spam'' error 
    310268 
    311269Some SMTP servers may reject the notification email sent by Trac. 
    312270 
    313 The default Trac configuration uses Base64 encoding to send emails to the recipients. The whole body of the email is encoded, which sometimes trigger ''false positive'' SPAM detection on sensitive email servers. In such an event, it is recommended to change the default encoding to "quoted-printable" using the `mime_encoding` option. 
    314  
    315 Quoted printable encoding works better with languages that use one of the Latin charsets. For Asian charsets, it is recommended to stick with the Base64 encoding. 
    316  
    317 === ''501, 5.5.4 Invalid Address'' error === 
    318  
    319 On IIS 6.0 you could get a  
    320 {{{ 
    321 Failure sending notification on change to ticket #1: SMTPHeloError: (501, '5.5.4 Invalid Address') 
    322 }}} 
    323 in the trac log. Have a look [http://support.microsoft.com/kb/291828 here] for instructions on resolving it. 
    324  
     271The default Trac configuration uses Base64 encoding to send emails to the recipients. The whole body of the email is encoded, which sometimes trigger ''false positive'' spam detection on sensitive email servers. In such an event, change the default encoding to "quoted-printable" using the `mime_encoding` option. 
     272 
     273Quoted printable encoding works better with languages that use one of the Latin charsets. For Asian charsets, stick with the Base64 encoding. 
    325274 
    326275---- 
    327 See also: TracTickets, TracIni, TracGuide 
     276See also: TracTickets, TracIni, TracGuide, [trac:TracDev/NotificationApi]