Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Prithviraj Kapoor


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Jun 23, 2012, 1:35:04 PM (8 years ago)
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Trupti
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  • Prithviraj Kapoor

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     1'''Prithviraj Kapoor (1906-72)''' 
     2 
     3 
     4Revered actor born in Peshawar (now Pakistan) 
     5as Prithvinath Kapoor. Son of a police officer. 
     6Earned a major reputation on the amateur stage 
     7in Lyallpur and Peshawar. Interrupted law 
     8studies to join Imperial (1929). Acted in 
     9several B.P. Mishra adventure and love stories 
     10(e.g. Cinema Girl, opposite Ermeline, India’s 
     11version of Clara Bow). Starred in India’s first 
     12sound film, Alam Ara. He impressed with a 
     13perfect speaking voice (he never sang). Then 
     14joined the Grant Anderson theatre company 
     15and performed Shakespeare in English, with 
     16special acclaim for his Laertes in Hamlet. 
     17Worked in New Theatres (1933-9), playing the 
     18hero in Hindi versions (Durgadas Bannerjee 
     19often playing the same role in Bengali) of its hit 
     20bilinguals. Broke through with Debaki Bose’s 
     21Rajrani Meera and as Rama in Seeta opposite 
     22Durga Khote. Vidyapati was his crowning 
     23achievement in Calcutta. Chandulal Shah 
     24hired him for the Ranjit Studio (1938-40) in 
     25Bombay, where he acted in some remarkable 
     26melodramas with Kardar (e.g. Pagal) and 
     27Chaturbhuj Doshi (Adhuri Kahani). Bestknown 
     28performance as freelance actor was in 
     29the title role of Alexander the Great in Sohrab 
     30Modi’s military epic Sikandar. The film 
     31heightened his enduring reputation, enhanced 
     32by the role of Emperor Akbar in Mughal-e- 
     33Azam, as the embodiment of Mughal royalty in 
     34Hindi-Urdu cinema (spoofed by K. Shankar’s 
     35Rajkumar). Invested his earnings in the Hindi 
     36theatre, setting up Prithvi Theatres (1944) 
     37where he produced plays while shooting films 
     38at night. Mounted a major play against 
     39Partition, Inder Raj Anand’s Deewar (1945) 
     40which earned him death threats from Islamic 
     41fundamentalists. He persisted with antisectarian 
     42politics, producing the technically 
     43and artistically masterful plays Pathan (1947) 
     44and Gaddar (1948). Launched many new 
     45talents through Prithvi Theatres, including 
     46Ramanand Sagar (Kalakaar, 1952), music 
     47directors Shankar-Jaikishen and Ram 
     48Ganguly (who scored Aag, 1948), all of whom 
     49were later key members of Raj Kapoor film 
     50units. Also launched his sons Raj, Shammi and 
     51Shashi. His main performances of the 50s: in 
     52Shantaram’s Dahej and in his son’s Awara, 
     53which ended on a dramatic confrontation 
     54between the fictional father and son played by 
     55a real father and son. Kal Aaj Aur Kal featured 
     56three generations of Kapoors in a celebration 
     57of feudal patriarchy. While directing Paisa, 
     58adapted from a Prithvi Theatres play of 1954, 
     59he lost his voice, which never regained its full 
     60sonorousness. Had to close his theatre and 
     61reduce his film work. In the late 60s and 70s 
     62acted in several Hindi and some Punjabi 
     63mythologicals. Played the patriarchal lead in 
     64the Saint film Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai, 
     65credited with the revival of the Punjabi film 
     66industry. Died of cancer in 1972. 
     67 
     68 
     69'''FILMOGRAPHY''' (* also d): 1930: Cinema 
     70Girl; Prince Vijaykumar; Sher-e-Arab; 1931: 
     71Namak Haram Kon; Bar Ke Pobar; Golibar; 
     72Toofan (all St); Alam Ara; Draupadi; 1932: 
     73Dagabaaz Ashiq; 1933: Rajrani Meera; 
     741934: Daku Mansoor; Ramayan; Seeta; 1935: 
     75Inquilab; Josh-e-Inteqam; Swarg Ki Seedhi; 
     761936: Grihadah/Manzil; 1937: Milap; 
     77President; Vidyapati; Jeevan Prabhat; 
     78Anath Ashram; 1938: Abhagin; Dushman; 
     791939: Adhuri Kahani; Sapera; 1940: Aaj Ka 
     80Hindustan; Deepak; Chingari; Pagal; Sajani; 
     811941: Raj Nartaki/Court Dancer; 
     82Sikandar; 1942: Ujala; Ek Raat; 1943: Aankh 
     83Ki Sharam; Bhalai; Gauri; Ishara; Vish Kanya; 
     841944: Maharathi Karna; Phool; 1945: 
     85Devadasi; Nala Damayanti; Shri Krishnarjun 
     86Yuddha; Vikramaditya; 1946: Prithviraj 
     87Samyukta; Valmiki; 1947: Parashuram; 1948: 
     88Azadi Ki Raah Par; 1950: Dahej; Hindustan 
     89Hamara; 1951: Awara; Deepak; 1952: 
     90Anandmath; Chhatrapati Shivaji; Insaan; 
     911953: Aag Ka Dariya; 1954: Ehsan; 1957: 
     92Paisa*; Pardesi; 1958: Lajwanti; 1960: 
     93Mughal-e-Azam; 1961: Senapati; 1963: 
     94Harishchandra Taramati; Pyar Kiya To Darna 
     95Kya; Rustom Sohrab; Gujree; 1964: Ghazal; 
     96Jahan Ara; Rajkumar; Zindagi; 1965: 
     97Aasmaan Mahal; Jaanwar; Jahan Sati 
     98Wahan Bhagwan; Khakaan; Lutera; Shri Ram 
     99Bharat Milap; Sikandar-e-Azam; 1966: Daku 
     100Mangal Singh; Insaaf; Lal Bangla; Love And 
     101Murder; Shankar Khan; Sher Afghan; Yeh Raat 
     102Phir Na Aayegi; 1967: Shamsheer; 1968: 
     103Balaram Shri Krishna; Teen Bahuraniyan; 
     1041969: Insaaf Ka Mandir; Nai Zindagi; Sati 
     105Sulochana; Nanak Naam Jahaaz Hai; 1970: 
     106Ek Nannhi Munni Ladki Thi; Gunah Aur 
     107Kanoon; Heer Ranjha; 1971: Kal Aaj Aur Kal; 
     108Padosi; Sakshatkara; Nanak Dukhiya Sab 
     109Sansar; 1972: Mele Mitran De; Bankelal; Naag 
     110Panchami; 1973: Naya Nasha; 1976: Bombay 
     111By Nite. 
     112 
     113[[Actor]]