Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Patience Cooper

Mar 4, 2012, 7:33:57 PM (9 years ago)
Lawrence Liang



  • Patience Cooper

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     1'''Patience Cooper (From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia) 
     5Patience Cooper (1905–1983) was an Indian and later Pakistani film actress. An Anglo-Indian[1] from Calcutta (in West Bengal), Cooper had a successful career in both silent and sound films. She was one of the early superstars of Bollywood.[2] Cooper is credited with the first double roles of Indian cinema - as twin sisters in Patni Pratap and as mother and daughter in Kashmiri Sundari.[3] But this is not true as Anna Salunkhe had played first double role in Indian film. She played roles of both Ram and Seeta in film 'Lanka Dahan' (1917). 
     9    1 Stage career 
     10    2 Film career 
     11    3 Later life 
     12    4 Filmography 
     13    5 References 
     14    6 External links 
     16Stage career 
     18Cooper began as a dancer in Bandmann's Musical Comedy, a Eurasian troupe. She later joined Jamshedji Framji Madan's Corinithian Stage Company as an actress. 
     20Film career 
     22She started as a dancer in Bandmann's Musical Comedy, a Eurasian troupe before being employed by Madan's Corinithian Stage Company. Cooper was often cast as the sexually troubled but innocent woman at the center of moral dilemmas, a forerunner to the type of roles played later by Nargis. Cooper first made an impact with Nala Damayanti (1920). The film starred Keki Adajania as Nala and Cooper as Damayanti . The film was a big budget Madan Theatre production and was directed by Italian Eugenio De Liguoro, known in Italy for his Orientalist spectacles like Fascino d'Oro (1919). Nala Damayanti was famous for its special effects at the time - Narada's ascent of Mount Meru to heaven, the transformations of four gods into impersonations of Nala, the transformation of Kali into a serpant among others. 
     24Her next film was Vishnu Avtar, released in 1921. Cooper acted in over 40 films until she retired in 1944, after performing in her last film, Iraada. Cooper was often cast in the role of a sexually troubled but innocent woman, always at the centre of moral dilemmas, often caused by the men in her lives. De Liguoro also directed Dhruva Chartitra (1921), a mythological based on the legend of Dhruva whose quest for eternal knowledge and salvation was rewarded when he became the brightest star in the heavens, the pole star also known as Dhruvatara. The film was made as a bid for an international breakthrough for Madan Theatres and featured many Europeans in the cast along with Cooper who played the female lead, Suniti. 
     26One of Cooper's biggest successes was Pati Bhakti (1922). Cooper played Leelavati in the film, directed by the great JJ Madan himself, advocating that women should be devoted to their husband. The film is regarded as her greatest film and was also involved in a small controversy as in Madras, the censor demanded that a dance number be removed on the grounds of obscenity! 
     28A major aspect of Cooper's star image was the successful achievement of the 'Hollywood look' in spite of different light and technical conditions. Her dark, sharp eyes and skin tone allowed technicians to experiment with the imported convention of eye-level lighting. 
     30Cooper also played perhaps the first ever double roles in Hindi films - Patni Pratap (1923), where she played two sisters and Kashmiri Sundari (1924), where she played mother and daughter. 
     32Cooper did films right through to the mid 1930s. One of her last major films was Zehari Saap (1933). The film was a typical Cooper vehicle about a medieval chieftain's revolt against the good Nawab Bakar Malik. The nawab's outlaw son vows revenge and finally all's well that ends well. The dramatic conflict in the film sees the chieftain wanting to marry the princess, whom he had raised as his own daughter. 
     34The low number of women, especially Hindus, in the film industry during the 1920s (due to conservative attitudes) meant Parsi and Anglo-Indian actresses, like Cooper, were in demand. Her distinctively Anglo-Indian features, like dark eyes, sharp features, ebony hair and light skin tone, allowed technicians to experiment with the imported technique of eye-level lighting and achieve the Hollywood look, an appearance similar to Hollywood stars of the silent era. Her appearance in a string of successful films has led her to being called the first ever female Indian film star. 
     35[edit] Later life 
     37Cooper married Isphahani Saheb, a tea-estate owner. In 1947, they migrated to Pakistan.[4] Actually she was married to MAH Isphahani at the age of 21 and divorced soon after. She then got married to Gul Hamid Khan, one of the first early silent movie actors. He died six years later due to a throat ailment. She remained friends with MAH Isphahani till the end of her life. Cooper changed her name to Sabra Begum and lived the last of her days with her two adopted daughters Zeenat and Haleema in Karachi, Pakistan. She fostered and/or adopted 17 children during her lifetime. Cooper died in 1983.[5] 
     38[edit] Filmography 
     39Year    Film    Director        Co-Star         Remarks 
     401920    Nala Damayanti  Eugenio De Liguoro              Actor 
     411921    Bishu Abatar    Jyotish Bandyopadhyay           Actor 
     42Dhruba Charitra         Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     43Nal Damayanti   Jyotish Bandyopadhyay           Actor 
     44Dhruva Charitra         Eugenio De Liguoro              Actor 
     45Behula  C. Legrand              Actor 
     46Vishnu Avatar   C. Legrand              Actor 
     471922    Sati                    Actor 
     48Ratnavali       Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     49Pati Bhakti     J. J. Madan             Actor 
     50Kamale Kamini   Sisir Kumar Bhaduri             Actor 
     51Ramayan         Jyotish Bandyopadhyay   Serial  Actor 
     52Ramayan         Eugenio De Liguoro      Serial  Actor 
     53Nartaki Tara    Jyotish Bandyopadhyay           Actor 
     54Ratnavali       C. Legrand              Actor 
     55Raja Bhoj                       Actor 
     56Mohini  Sisir Kumar Bhaduri             Actor 
     57Bhagirathi Ganga                        Actor 
     58Rajkumari Budur         J. J. Madan             Actor 
     59Laila Majnu     J. J. Madan             Actor 
     601923    Matri Sneha     Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     61Noorjehan       J. J. Madan             Actor 
     621924    Patni Pratap    J. J. Madan     Serial  Actor 
     63Turki Hoor      J. J. Madan             Actor 
     641925    Sati Lakshmi    Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     65Adoorat Chheley         J. J. Madan             Actor 
     66Sansar Chakra                   Actor 
     67Kashmiri Sundari                        Actor 
     681926    Prafulla        Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     691926    Joydev  Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     701926    Dharmapatni     Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     711927    Jana    Priyanath Ganguly               Actor 
     721927    Krishnakanter Will      Priyanath Ganguly               Actor 
     731927    Durgesh Nandini         Priyanath Ganguly               Actor 
     741927    Chandidas       Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     751928    Aankh Ka Nasha                  Actor 
     761928    Hoor-E-Arab     Ratansha Sinore                 Actor 
     771928    Bhranti         Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     781929    Giribala        Modhu Bose              Actor 
     791929    Kapal Kundala   Priyanath Ganguly               Actor 
     801930    Bharat Ramani   Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     811930    Vaman Avatar                    Actor 
     821930    Rajsingha       Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     831930    Kal Parinaya    Priyanath Ganguly               Actor 
     841930    Ganesh Janma    Jal Ariah               Actor 
     851931    Bibaha Bibhrat  Jyotish Bannerji                Actor 
     861931    Alladin And The Wonderful Lamp  Jal Ariah               Actor 
     871931    Samaj Ka Shikar                         Actor 
     881931    Satyawadi Raja Harishchandra    J. J. Madan             Actor 
     891931    Bharati Balak   Aga Hashr Kashmiri              Actor 
     901932    Pati Bhakti                     Actor 
     911932    Chatra Bakavali         J. J. Madan     Fantasy         Actor 
     921932    Bilwamangal     Fram Madan              Actor 
     931932    Alibaba And Forty Thieves       J. J. Madan             Actor 
     941932    Educated Wife                   Actor 
     951932    Hathili Dulhan  J. J. Madan             Actor 
     961933    Madhur Murali                   Actor 
     971933    Naqli Doctor    J. J. Madan             Actor 
     981933    Zehari Saap     J. J. Madan             Actor 
     991934    Kismet Ka Shikar                        Actor 
     1001934    Bhakta-Ke-Bhagwan       V. M. Gunjal            Actor 
     1011934    Garib Ki Duniya         Sorabji Kerawala                Actor 
     1021934    Anokha Prem     F. R. Irani             Actor 
     1031934    Kanya Vikraya   Mohammad Hussain                Actor 
     1041934    Sakhi Lutera    Sorabji Kerawala                Actor 
     1051935    Dil Ki Pyaas    J. J. Madan             Actor 
     1061935    Asmat Ka Moti   Fram Sethna             Actor 
     1071935    Khudadad                        Actor 
     1081935    Prem Ki Ragini                  Actor 
     1091935    Sulagto Sansar  G. R. Sethi             Actor 
     1101935    Mera Pyara      Ezra Mir                Actor 
     1111936    Noor-E-Wahadat  G. R. Sethi             Actor 
     1121936    Baghi Sipahi    A. R. Kardar            Actor 
     1131936    Khyber Pass     Gul Hamid               Actor 
     1141937    Fakhr-E-Islam   Nanubhai Vakil          Actor 
     1151944    Chandar Kalanka         Pramathesh Chandra Barua                Actor 
     1161944    Iraada  S. Shamsuddin           Actor 
     1171946    Khan Saheb      Prem Sethna             Actor.