Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Mehboob

Jan 26, 2012, 7:30:58 AM (9 years ago)



  • Mehboob

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     1== Mehboob == 
     3Aka Mehboob Khan. 
     5Hindi-Urdu director regarded as one of the most important 
     6influences on post-50s cinema. Born as Ramjan 
     7Khan in Bilimoria, Gujarat. Ran away to 
     8Bombay to join film industry. Started as extra 
     9and factotum in [[Imperial Studio]] where he met 
     10director R.S. Choudhury (later scenarist for 
     11Roti and Aan) and cameraman Faredoon A. 
     12Irani. Acted as one of the thieves in [[Alibaba 
     13and the Forty Thieves]]. Directorial début at 
     14Sagar (1935). Worked in [[National Studios]] 
     15(1940-2) along with [[Kardar]]. Founded 
     16[[Mehboob Prod.]] in 1942 (established as studio 
     17in 1952) using a hammer and sickle emblem 
     18even though formally unassociated with the CP. 
     19Acclaimed first as heir to Imperial’s historicals 
     20(Judgement of Allah, Humayun); he 
     21continued its trend of merging DeMille with the 
     22conventions of the Urdu stage but brought to 
     23the formula a greater self reflexiveness (Roti). 
     24His Mother India (a subcontinental 
     25equivalent of Gone with the Wind which has 
     26been declared India’s most successful film 
     27ever) also evoked Dovzhenko’s lyricised 
     28socialist-realist imagery. Immensely successful 
     29on an international scale, Mehboob’s films 
     30often derive from a clash between pre-capitalist 
     31ruralism (with its blood feuds, debts of honour, 
     32kinship laws etc.) and an increasingly 
     33modernised state with its commercial-industrial 
     34practices and values. His elaboration of 
     35political themes within popular generic 
     36conventions provides the bridge between the 
     37pre-Independence cinema of e.g. Bhavnani 
     38(Mazdoor, 1934) and the social critiques 
     39attempted by Raj Kapoor in the post-1947 
     40industrial mainstream. With Andaz he made 
     41what was regarded as the first Indian film set in 
     42‘modern times’ among an affluent middle class, 
     43exerting an enormous influence on later films 
     44(e.g. Awara, 1951). 
     46FILMOGRAPHY (* only act): 1927: [[Alibaba 
     47and the Forty Thieves]]*; [[Allah Ka Pyara]]*; 1929: 
     48[[Shirin Khushrau]]*; 1930: [[Mewad No Mawali]]*; 
     491931: [[Raj Tilak]]*; [[Dilawar]]* (all St); [[Meri Jaan]]*; 
     50[[Veer Abhimanyu]]*; 1932: [[Bulbul-e-Baghdad]]*; 
     511933: [[Chandrahasa]]*; [[Pandav Kaurav]]*; [[Mirza Sahiban]]*; [[Premi Pagal]]*; 1934: 
     52[[Grihalakshmi]]*; [[Naachwali]]*; [[Sati Anjani]]*; 
     531935: [[Vengeance Is Mine]]*; [[Judgement of 
     54Allah]]; 1936: [[Deccan Queen]]; [[Manmohan]]; 
     551937: [[Jagirdar]]; 1938: [[Hum Tum Aur Woh]]; 
     56[[Watan]]; 1939: [[Ek Hi Raasta]]; 1940: [[Alibaba]]; 
     57[[Aurat]]; 1941: [[Bahen]]; 1942: [[Roti]]; 1943: 
     58[[Najma]]; [[Taqdeer]]; 1945: [[Humayun]]; 1946: 
     59[[Anmol Ghadi]]; 1947: [[Elaan]]; 1948: [[Anokhi]] 
     60[[Ada]]; 1949: [[Andaz]]; 1952: [[Aan]]; 1954: [[Amar]]; 
     611957: [[Mother India]]; 1962: [[Son of India]]. 
     63[[Actor]] [[Director]]