Changes between Version 3 and Version 4 of K A Abbas


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Timestamp:
Jan 27, 2012, 9:48:57 AM (8 years ago)
Author:
Lawrence Liang
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  • K A Abbas

    v3 v4  
    11== Khwaja Ahmad Abbas == 
     2 
     3[[Image(abbs.jpg)]] 
    24 
    35 
     
    1315 
    1416Worked on National Call, a New Delhi paper (1933); started Aligarh Opinion when studying law (1934); obtained law degree in 1935; political correspondent and later film critic for nationalist Bombay Chronicle, Bombay (1935- 47) praising Dieterle, Capra and esp. Shantaram. Wrote Indian journalism’s longest- running weekly political column, Last Page (1941-86), in Chronicle and Blitz. Best-known fiction (Zafran Ke Phool situated in Kashmir, Inquilab on communal violence) places him in younger generation of Urdu and Hindi writers with Ali Sardar Jafri and Ismat Chughtai, whose work followed the PWA and drew sustenance from Nehruite socialism’s pre- Independence, anti-Fascist and anti-communal commitments. Founder member of IPTA’s all- India front (1943), to which he contributed two   seminal plays: Yeh Amrit Hai and Zubeida. Entered film as publicist for Bombay Talkies (1936) to whom he sold his first screenplay, Naya Sansar (1941). First film, Dharti Ke Lal, made under IPTA’s banner and drew on Bijon Bhattacharya’s classic play Nabanna (1944), dealing with the Bengal famine of 1943. Set up production company Naya Sansar (1951), providing India’s most consistent representation of socialist-realist film (cf. Thoppil Bhasi and Utpal Dutt). Best work is in the scripts for his own films and for those of Raj Kapoor (Awara, 1951; Shri 420, 1955, both co-written with V.P. Sathe; Jagte Raho, 1956; Bobby, 1973) and Shantaram’s Dr. Kotnis Ki Amar Kahani (1946; adapted from his own book, And One Did Not Come Back), which combined aspects of Soviet cinema (Pudovkin) and of Hollywood (e.g. Capra and Upton Sinclair), influencing a new generation of Hindi cineastes (Kapoor, Chetan Anand) and sparking new realist performance idioms (Balraj Sahni). His Munna, without songs or dances, and Shaher Aur Sapna, cheaply made on location in slums, were described as being influenced by neo-realism. Pardesi is the first Indian-Soviet co-production, co- directed by Vassili M. Pronin. The landmark Supreme Court censorship judgement about his Char Shaher Ek Kahani (aka A Tale of Four Cities) curtailed ‘arbitrary’ governmental pre- censorship powers on the grounds that the Indian Constitution guarantees the right to free speech. Published many books including I Am Not An Island and Mad Mad World of Indian Films (both 1977). Other important scripts: Neecha Nagar (1946); Mera Naam Joker (1970); Zindagi Zindagi (1972); Henna (1991). Abbas also brought a number of new talents into the film industry, such as Amitabh Bachchan in Saat Hindustani. 
     17 
    1518Filmography: 
    1619 
    17201946: Dharti Ke Lal;  
     21 
    18221947: Aaj Kal Aur Aaj 
    19 1952: Anhonee; Rahi/Two 
    20 Leaves And A Bud;  
     23 
     241952: Anhonee; Rahi/Two Leaves And A Bud;  
     25 
    21261954: Munna;  
     27 
    22281957: 
    2329Pardesi;  
     30 
    24311959: Char Dil Char Raahein; 
    2532 
     33 
    26341960: Id Mubarak (Sh);  
     35 
    27361961: Gir Game 
    2837Sanctuary (Doc);  
     38 
    29391962: Gyarah Hazaar 
    3040Ladkiyan;  
     41 
    31421963: Shaher Aur Sapna; Teen 
    3243Gharaney;  
     44 
    33451964: Hamara Ghar; 
    34  1965: 
     46 
     471965: 
    3548Aasmaan Mahal; Tomorrow Shall Be Better 
    3649(Sh);  
     50 
    37511967: Dharti Ki Pukaar (Sh); Bambai 
    3852Raat Ki Bahon Mein;  
     53 
    39541968: Char Shaher 
    4055Ek Kahani (Doc);  
     56 
    41571969: Saat Hindustani; 
    42 1971: Do Boond Pani; Lav Kush (Sh); 1972: 
    43 Bharat Darshan (Doc); 1973: Kal Ki Baat 
    44 (Sh); Juhu (TV-Sh); 1974: Faasla; 1975: Papa 
    45 Miyan of Aligarh (Doc); 1976: Phir Bolo Aaye FILMOGRAPHY: 1967: Koyna Nagar (Doc); Sant Kabir (Doc); 1978: Dr Iqbal (Doc); 1979: 1969: Priya (Sh); Hides And Strings  (Doc); The Naxalites; 1983: Hindustan Hamara 
    46   
    47   
    48 (Sh); 1984: Nanga Fakir (TV); Mr. X (unfinished). 
     581971: Do Boond Pani; Lav Kush (Sh);  
     59 
     601972: 
     61Bharat Darshan (Doc);  
     62 
     631973: Kal Ki Baat 
     64(Sh); Juhu (TV-Sh); 1974: Faasla;  
     65 
     661975: Papa 
     67Miyan of Aligarh (Doc);  
     68 
     691976: Phir Bolo Aaye  
     70 
    4971 
    5072 
     
    7092 
    7193His autobiography, I Am not an Island: An Experiment in Autobiography, was first published in 1977 and later released in 2010.[2] 
    72 [edit] Awards and honours 
    73 [edit] Films 
     94 
     95'''Awards and honours''' 
    7496 
    7597    1964: National Film Award for Best Film: Shehar Aur Sapna 
     98 
    7699    1946: Wrote screenplay, for Neecha Nagar, which became the only Indian film to win a Palme d'Or (Golden Palm) at the Cannes Film Festival. 
     100 
    77101    1942: BFJA Awards: Best Screenplay: Naya Sansar (1941)[8] 
     102 
    78103    1957 Cannes Film Festival: Golden Palm: Pardesi: Nominated [9] 
     104 
    79105    1964: Maharashtra State Award: Fakira 
     106 
    80107    1965: International Film Festival Awards (Santa Barbara, USA)): Hamara Ghar[10] 
     108 
    81109    1966: Jury Member: 16th Berlin International Film Festival[11] 
     110 
    82111    1970: Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration: Saat Hindustani 
     112 
    83113    1972: Nargis Dutt Award for Best Feature Film on National Integration: Do Boond Paani 
     114 
    84115    1980: Gold Award for direction: The Naxalites 
    85116 
    86 [edit] Literary 
    87  
    88 Haryana State Robe of Honour for literary achievements in 1969, the prestigious Ghalib Award for his contribution to Urdu prose literature in 1983[12] 
    89  
    90 Vorosky Literary Award of the Soviet Union in 1984, Urdu Akademi Delhi Special Award 1984, Maharashtra State Urdu Akademi Award in 1985 and the Soviet Award for his contribution to the cause of Indo-Soviet Friendship in 1985. 
    91117 
    92118