Changes between Version 1 and Version 2 of Chronicle/1971


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Timestamp:
Feb 8, 2013, 9:58:22 AM (9 years ago)
Author:
UshaR
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  • Chronicle/1971

    v1 v2  
    33* The Pakistan government’s crackdown on Sheikh Mujibur Rahman’s Awami League leads to war with India and results in East Pakistan becoming Bangladesh. Indira Gandhi exploits India’s success by announcing elections. Her Congress (R) wins a massive majority, which she uses to change the Constitution, giving greater powers to the parliamentary executive at the expense of the judiciary.  
    44 
    5 * President’s Rule is declared in West Bengal and Union Minister Siddhartha Shankar Ray uses troops to quell what remains of the Naxalite Movement. A conservative estimate (quoted by Francine Frankel, 1978) is that 15,000 people were arrested, of whom 2000 were killed. By 1973, there are more than 30,000 political prisoners in Bengal, arrested under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA).  
     5* President’s Rule is declared in West Bengal and Union Minister Siddhartha Shankar Ray uses troops to quell what remains of the [[Naxalite]] Movement. A conservative estimate (quoted by Francine Frankel, 1978) is that 15,000 people were arrested, of whom 2000 were killed. By 1973, there are more than 30,000 political prisoners in Bengal, arrested under the Maintenance of Internal Security Act (MISA).  
    66 
    77* India signs a 20- year Treaty of Peace and Friendship with the USSR, triggered by ‘secret’ talks between Kissinger and Zhou Enlai and the fear that both China and the USA would back Pakistan in the event of further conflict. This effectively ends the Nehruite non-alignment policy.  
     
    99* The State of Himachal Pradesh is formed.  
    1010 
    11 * B. V. Karanth’s theatre group, Benaka, stages Karnad’s Hayavadana, Kambhar’s Jokumaraswamy and Lankesh’s Oedipus, inaugurating a Navya- inspired avant-garde in Kannada theatre. 
     11* [[B. V. Karanth]]’s theatre group, Benaka, stages [[Karnad]]’s Hayavadana, Kambhar’s Jokumaraswamy and [[Lankesh]]’s Oedipus, inaugurating a Navya- inspired avant-garde in Kannada theatre. 
    1212 
    1313* The agreement between the Indian government and the MPEAA is allowed to expire.  
     
    1515* From 114 foreign films censored in 1972, the number falls to 38 in 1973 and 26 in 1974.  
    1616 
    17 * The directive to the FFC to sponsor independent film-making is written into its official objectives, enjoining it to turn film into ‘an effective instrument for the promotion of national culture, education and healthy entertainment . . . by granting loans for modest but off-beat films of talented and promising persons in the field’. This directive was to last for only five years.  
     17* The directive to the [[FFC]] to sponsor independent film-making is written into its official objectives, enjoining it to turn film into ‘an effective instrument for the promotion of national culture, education and healthy entertainment . . . by granting loans for modest but off-beat films of talented and promising persons in the field’. This directive was to last for only five years.  
    1818 
    1919* India produces 433 feature films, making it the largest film producer in the world. The boom, started in the mid-60s, continues throughout the decade: in 1979, 714 Indian features were submitted to the censor.  
    2020 
    21 * Pakeezah is released.  
     21* [[Pakeezah]] is released.  
    2222 
    23 * Shantata! Court Chalu Aahe starts the New Indian Cinema movement in Marathi. Its original author, Tendulkar, writes the play Sakharam Binder. 
     23* [[Shantata! Court Chalu Aahe]] starts the [[New Indian Cinema]] movement in Marathi. Its original author, [[Tendulkar]], writes the play Sakharam Binder.