Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Chronicle/1956


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Timestamp:
Feb 29, 2012, 12:19:49 PM (10 years ago)
Author:
Lawrence Liang
Comment:

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  • Chronicle/1956

    v1 v1  
     1''''1956: Key Events''' 
     2 
     3* The Second Five-Year Plan, with a plan outlay of Rs 4800 crores. The government signs the controversial PL 480 agreement with the USA on foodgrain imports: India pays for the food in the form of loans to US multinationals in India and to private enterprises marketing American goods.  
     4 
     5* The States Reorganisation Bill is passed; the State of Madhya Pradesh and the Union Territories of Delhi and Andaman and Nicobar Islands come into being.  
     6 
     7* Language riots in Ahmedabad over the proposed division of Bombay into Maharashtra and Gujarat.  
     8 
     9* Kerala State is formed, combining Malabar, Kasergod and most of Travancore-Cochin. Mysore State (later Karnataka) is formed, extending the old Mysore kingdom with parts of Madras and Bombay Presidencies and Hyderabad.  
     10 
     11* On 14 October, Dr Babasaheb Ambedkar and 200,000 ‘scheduled caste’ Hindus convert to Buddhism in Nagpur to overcome the iniquities of caste oppression.  
     12 
     13* The first Indian newsprint factory at Nepanagar is started.  
     14 
     15* APSARA, the first nuclear reactor in Asia outside the USSR, is commissioned at Turbhe, just outside Bombay city.  
     16 
     17* The artist M. F. Husain paints his seminal works Zameen (1955) and Between the Spider and the Lamp, presenting an emblematic cultural amalgam for independent India.  
     18 
     19* UNESCO gives a $20,000 grant to study the use of television as a medium for education and ‘rural uplift’. The USA donates equipment and Philips sells a 500w transmitter at a nominal price. 
     20 
     21* Indian films are shown at Edinburgh, Karlovy Vary and Berlin.  
     22 
     23* The government refuses to make its ‘approved’, compulsory propaganda films available free of charge to exhibitors.  
     24 
     25* The freeze on construction of new cinemas in Bombay is lifted.  
     26 
     27* The Kerala Film Chamber is started in Cochin. The  
     28 
     29* Andhra Film Chamber Journal is launched in Vijaywada.  
     30 
     31* Rossellini starts work on India ‘57. Despite major government support and funds, his visa is allowed to expire after a variety of controversies including allegations that he infringed local moral codes (by having an affair with a married Indian woman).  
     32 
     33* The Hindi journal Film Sangeet, published by the Sangeet Karyalaya, Hathras (which had earlier published Bhatkhande’s pathbreaking textbook on North Indian classical music).  
     34 
     35* Bhatkhande’s influence is extended to written musical scores for film songs, in addition to essays on film music aesthetics and interviews with musicians.