Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Chronicle/1949


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Timestamp:
Feb 29, 2012, 12:05:58 PM (11 years ago)
Author:
Lawrence Liang
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  • Chronicle/1949

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     1'''1949: Key Events''' 
     2 
     3* The Indian constitution is drawn up, adopting the British model. Universal suffrage and equal rights for all are among its radical measures, but it also includes Articles 352-5, empowering the president to declare a State of Emergency and providing central government with virtually unlimited authority.  
     4 
     5* Manipur becomes an Indian Territory.  
     6 
     7* The State of Rajasthan is formed, merging the old state with the Rajput Princely States of Bikaner, Jaipur, Jodhpur and Jaisalmer.  
     8 
     9* Ceasefire in Kashmir, as the Indian Constituent Assembly recognises Kashmir’s independent status and its decision to become part of the Indian Union. This decision withdrawn, after a pledge to eschew violence. 
     10 
     11*  Trade agreement to export jute, tea and castor oil to the USSR in return for wheat.  
     12 
     13* The USSR becomes India’s biggest trading partner and the only country to accept rupees as a currency for international trade.  
     14 
     15* Athreya’s play, N. G. O. , pioneers realism on the Telugu stage. 
     16 
     17* Films Division is set up.  
     18 
     19* The DMK (Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam) is founded by C. N. Annadurai. The Party launches its use of film as propaganda with Velaikkari and Nallathambi.  
     20 
     21* Dharti Ke Lal becomes the first Indian film to receive widespread distribution in the USSR.  
     22 
     23* The Cinematograph Act of 1918 is amended; a new censorship classification is introduced.  
     24 
     25* Entertainment tax for film is raised to 50% in the Central Provinces, going up to 75% in West Bengal.  
     26 
     27* The Central Circuit Cine Conference, under Raibahadur Chunilal, protests at the increases and theatres go on strike.  
     28 
     29* Dev Anand and Chetan Anand start Navketan Productions in Bombay, one of the independent producers through which IPTA members enter Hindi cinema.  
     30 
     31* Movie Times is launched in Bombay, edited by B. K. Karanjia.  
     32 
     33* Indian Documentary is launched by Paul Zils and others.