Version 3 (modified by UshaR, 11 years ago) (diff)


1945: Key Events

  • The Indian National Army, hit by desertions and disease, surrenders, and several members are publicly tried. Bose is believed to have been killed in an air crash over Taipei.
  • Central and provincial legislature elections: Congress wins majority but loses to the Muslim League in all Muslim-dominated provinces except the North West Frontier Province.
  • A pact between Bhulabhai Desai of the Congress and Liaqat Ali of the Muslim League envisages joint control of an interim government, but both parties quickly repudiate any such understanding.
  • Labour comes to power in Britain. C. R. Attlee sponsors a new initiative to break the Hindu- Muslim deadlock with the Simla Conference chaired by Lord Wavell. Jinnah rejects all compromise offers.
  • The Tata Institute of Fundamental Research (TIFR) is inaugurated (it became operational only in 1954); it later pioneered India’s nuclear and space research programmes.
  • The best known Prithvi Theatres play, Inder Raj Anand’s Deewar, addresses the communal divide in the context of India’s impending Partition.
  • Film trade representatives resign from the Film Advisory Committee. The government withdraws state control on raw stock distribution (imposed in July 1943).