Version 1 (modified by Lawrence Liang, 12 years ago) (diff)


1934: Key Events

  • The Congress Socialist Party is founded in Bombay, consisting of a group of Marxists, including Jayaprakash Narayan, Achyut Patwardhan and Yusuf Meherally; it later re- established links with the A. P. Kisan Sabhas and emphasised land reform as an integral part of the nationalist agenda.
  • The CPI is banned.
  • Jinnah returns from England to head the Muslim League.
  • Major earthquake in Bihar, destroying the city of Monghyr.
  • The Royal Indian Navy is set up.
  • Bengal’s ‘establishment’ literary weekly Desh starts.
  • Zubeida and Nanubhai Vakil start Mahalaxmi Cinetone.
  • First sound features in Oriya (Seeta Bibaha) and Kannada (Bhakta Dhruva).
  • Ch. Narasimha Rao’s Seeta Kalyanam, for Vel Pictures, is the first sound feature made in Madras.
  • Meenakshi Cinetone is founded with K. Subramanyam’s Pavalakkodi.
  • Priyanath Ganguly helps start Kali Films in Calcutta.
  • Rajit studio’s Toofan Mail is the Hindi cinema’s first major success in the ‘stunt’ film genre, leading to Wadia’s Hunterwali (1935).
  • The Hindi film periodical Chitrapat, edited by Hrishamcharan Jain, is launched in Delhi; it publishes scripts, fiction serials, poetry and news about international cinema. Bengali film weekly Ruprekha, edited by Jyotishchandra Ghosh, starts.
  • The Urdu novelist Munshi Premchand is hired as a scenarist by Ajanta Cinetone at Rs 8000 per year.