Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Baburao Painter

Feb 13, 2012, 6:27:56 PM (11 years ago)
Lawrence Liang



  • Baburao Painter

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     1'''Baburao Painter''' 
     3From [[|Wikipedia Page]] 
     5Baburao Painter (real name: Baburao Krishnarao Mestri); (born 3 June 1890 in Kolhapur, Maharashtra; died 16 January 1954) was an Indian film director. 
     7 [hide]  
     9    1 Life 
     10    2 Film career 
     11    3 Filmography as Actor 
     12    4 Art Director 
     13    5 Writer 
     14    6 Cinematographer 
     15    7 References 
     17[edit] Life 
     19He was born Baburao Krishnarao Mestri in 1890 in Kolhapur. He taught himself to paint and derives its name "Painter". (hence the name) and sculpt in academic art school style. He and his artist cousin Anandrao Painter between 1910 and 1916 were the leading painters of stage backdrops in Western India doing several famous curtains for Sangeet Natak troupes and also for Gujarati Parsee theatres. They became avid filmgoers following Raja Harishchandra. 
     21Baburao and his cousin Anandarao bought a movie projector from the Bombay flea market and proceeded to exhibit films, studying the art of movies all the while. Anandarao was busy with assembling a camera for their maiden venture, and his untimely death at this juncture compelled Baburao to go it alone 
     23They turned to cinema first as exhibitors while trying to assemble their own camera. Anandrao however died in 1916 and Painter and his main disciple V.G. Damle eventually put together a working camera in 1918. 
     24[edit] Film career 
     26Baburao was one of the leading stage painter for West Indian theatres during 1910 and 1916. He was also an film enthusiast and founded Maharashtra Film Company in 1919. To enable this Baburao had borrow money from Tanibai Kagolkar, a long-time admirer. Movie acting, especially tamasha's were looked down upon in conservative societies like Kolhapur so the studio itself was an living quarter for quite a few including leading ladies - Gulab Bai (renamed Kamaladevi) and Anusuya Bai (renamed Sushiladevi). Painter got onboard his old colleagues including Damle and S. Fatehlal and later on V. Shantaram, trio who later on left to set up Prabhat Film Company. 
     28Baburao's first feature film was Sairandri (1920), which got heavily censored for its graphic depiction of slaying of Keechak by Bhima. However the movie itself got positive critics and commercial acclaim spurring Painter on to take on more ambitious projects. He wrote his own screenplays, and led the three-dimensional space rather than stage-painting in the Indian movie. 1921/22, he published the first Indian films and programs designed to even the movie posters. Publicity was not alien to Painter's many talents - in 1921-22, he distributed programme booklets complete with photographs and film details. 
     30Baburao was a man of many talents - he wrote his own screenplays and he was also the first filmmaker to adopt the method Eisenstein had described as `stenographic` - he sketched the costumes, movements, and characters. [This was the method Satyajit Ray adopted for Pather Panchali - there was no written script, just a book full of sketches. This 'script' is with Cinematheque Francaise, Paris.] He changed the concept of set designing from painted curtains to solid multi-dimensional lived in spaces, he introduced artificial lighting and understood the importance of publicity. As early as 1921-22 he was the first to issue programme booklets, complete with details of the film and photographs. He also painted himself tasteful, eye-catching posters of his films. 
     32A perfectionist, he insisted upon any number of rehearsals. As Zunzarrao Pawar, a cast member, said `` He would take umpteen rehearsals before actual shooting....but he was very slow in film-making. That was why we used to get annoyed with him sometimes.`` 
     34The advent of sound in 1931 did not excite Painter. However after a few more silent films, the Maharashtra Film Company pulled down its shutters with the advent of sound. Baburao was not particularly keen on the talkies for he believed that they would destroy the visual culture so painfully evolved over the years. 
     36He returned to painting and sculpture, his original vocation barring sporadic ventures like remaking Savkari Pash in sound in 1936, Pratibha (1937), one of his few preserved films which is a good illustration of Painter's control over big sets, lighting and crowd scenes and Lokshahir Ramjoshi (1947) on Shantaram's invitation. 
     38The beautiful posters that Baburao painted for his films prompted the advice of not wasting his talent on dirty walls, that an art gallery was the correct destination! Prophetic words indeed, because later his posters were up at J.J. School of Art, Mumbai and much admired by the principal, Gladstone Solomon. 
     39[edit] Filmography as Actor 
     41    Kalyan Khajina (1924) 
     42    Sinhagad (1923) - Emperor Shivaji 
     44Together, Sinhagad and Kalyan Khajina won a medal at the Wembley Exhibition, London. One newspaper, Daily Express, described the films as full of strangely wistful beauty, and acted with extraordinary grace. 
     45[edit] Art Director 
     47    Usha (1935/I) 
     48    Usha (1935/II) 
     50[edit] Writer 
     52    Sairandhri (1920) (writer) 
     54[edit] Cinematographer 
     56In 1920 - Sairandhri. This episode from the Mahabharata dealt with the slaying of Keechak by Bhima (one of the Pandava princes), and the film was based on the play Keechak Wadh by K.P. Khadilkar. [The play itself was banned because of the perceived criticism of Lord Curzon.] The intense realism of the killing was horrifying to the audience, and the scenes were deleted. At the time, censor boards had been set up! 
     58In 1921 - Surekha Haran. This was the debut film of V. Shantaram, one of the giants of Indian cinema. He played lord Krishna in the film. 
     60Bhagwata Bhakta Damaji (1922) Damaji (1922) 
     62Vatsalaharan (1923) 
     64In 1923 - Sinhagad. - a landmark film. For one, Baburao shifted from painted curtains to multi-dimensional sets. Another first - he used artificial lighting to create the effect of fog and of moonlight. The film was based on Hari Narayan Apte's novel Gad Aala Pan Sinha Gela. The protagonist Tanaji was a follower of Shivaji Maratha and died while capturing Kondana Fort.While filming Sinhagad, Baburao fell off a horse, the injury causing a lifelong speech defect. Sinhagad proved so popular that it attracted the Revenue Department's attention to bring about introduction of Entertainment Tax. 
     66Sati Padmini (1924) Shri Krishna Avatar (1924) 
     68In 1925 - - Shahala Shah. - Rana Hamir. - Maya Bazaar - Savkari Pash. Savkari Pash dealt with money lending and the plight of poor farmers. However the audience long fed on mythological fantasy and historical love was just not prepared for so strong a dose of realism and the film did not do well. Baburao returned to costume dramas. The film failed. Baburao Painter returned to the tried-and-true subject-matter.Painter's artistic masterpiece remains Savkari Pash. Often described as [1] - Savakari Pash (1925) dealing with money lending, a problem that blighted the lives of countless illiterate, poor farmers. 
     70J.H.Wadia on the two versions of Savkari Pash : 
     72I faintly remember the silent Savkari Pash...But it was only when I saw the talkie version that I realized what a great creative artist he (Baburao) was. I go into a trance when I recollect the long shot of a dreary hut photographed in low key, highlighted only by the howl of a dog. 
     74Bhakta Pralhad (1926/I) Gaj Gauri (1926) 
     76Muraliwala (1927) Sati Savitri (1927) ... aka Savitri Satyavan (India: Hindi title) 
     78In 1927 - Netaji Palkar. Directed by V. Shantaram, the film was about Shivaji Maratha (a revered warrior-ruler who fought the Mughal emperors) and Karna (1928). 
     80Keechaka Vadha (1928/I) ... aka Sairandhri (India: Hindi title) Baji Prabhu Deshpande (1929) ... aka Valley of the Immortals (India: English title) 
     82In 1928 - Karna. Directed by Damle and Fatehlal were huge hits The film was inspired by the MGM masterpiece Ben Hur. 
     84Prem Sangam (1931) ... aka When Lovers Unite (India: English title) Lanka (1930) ... aka The Land of Lust (India: English title) 
     86In 1935 - Usha. The film (a talkie) was directed by Painter for the film company Shalini Cinetone, Kolhapur. 
     88In 1936 - remake of Savkari Pash (as a talkie). 
     90In 1937 - Pratibha. - Sadhvi Meerabai 
     92Rukmini Swayamvar (1946/I) Rukmini Swayamvar (1946/II) ... aka The Marriage of Rukmini (India: English title) 
     94In 1947 - Matwala Shair Ramjoshi. A highly successful film. - Lok Shahir Ram Joshi (1947) 
     96In 1952 - Vishwamitra 
     98In 1953 - Mahajan