Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of BALRAJ SAHNI


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Timestamp:
Jun 23, 2012, 10:57:57 AM (8 years ago)
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salomex
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  • BALRAJ SAHNI

    v1 v1  
     1'''SAHNI, BALRAJ (1913-73) 
     2''' 
     3 
     4Born in Rawalpindi (now Pakistan), and the 
     5best-known film actor to emerge from the post-WW2 
     6Left cultural movements. Studied at the 
     7Government College of Lahore, graduating in 
     8literature. Started writing poetry in English and 
     9involved in ·realist' theatre, absorbing the then 
     10prevalent d~sire for both nationalism and 
     11Westernisation. Married Damayanti who was a 
     12noted theatre actress. Taugl1t Hindi and 
     13English at Shaminiketan. Wrote his first 
     14compilation of Hindi fiction. Sbahzadonka 
     15Drink (1936). Worked as a journalist and 
     16briefly as radio announcer for the BBC's Hindi 
     17service. Started the Jfonday Jfoming journal 
     18in D~lhi. Went to Bombay (1947) and became 
     19a key figure in IPTA plays; also director and 
     20lead actor in Zubeida (by Abbas) and The 
     21Inspector General (both 1944). Ran the Juhu 
     22Art Theatre group in the 1960s. After a walk on 
     23part in Phani Majumdar's InsaaJ: starred 
     24in Abbas's first film, Dharti Ke Lal. 
     25Damayanti died in the late 40s and Sahni later 
     26married Samosh. Made his reputation as the 
     27displaced rickshaw-puller in Bimal Roy's Do 
     28Bigba Zameen, continuing the neo-realist 
     29style he had adopted for Dharti Ke La!. In . 
     30Garam Coat he gave the classic performance 
     31of the displaced person as represented in the 
     32writings of Rajinder Singh Bedi and 
     33Krishan Chander. He embodied the tragedy 
     34of the peopl~ of Punjab (partitioned during 
     35Independence) and the ethnic groups of the 
     36'lorth West Frontier (e.g. the Pathans) so 
     37effectively that his very presence came to 
     38signify a host of historical connotations, as in 
     39Kabuliwala, in Sane Ki Chidiya where he 
     40plays a radical poet and defender of the rights 
     41of film extras, or in the war movie Haqeeqat 
     42where his acting inflected the film's nationalist 
     43chauvinism, and in the Agra-based story 
     44Garam Hawa. Wrote the story and dialogues 
     45of Guru Dutt'sBaazi (1951). Wrote 
     46extensively on many issues, including novels 
     47and an autobiography (1971). Remained a Left 
     48activist throughout his life and was part of 
     49cultural delegations to the Soviet Union and to 
     50China. Communist leader P.C. Joshi compiled 
     51the book Balraj Sahni: An Intimate Portrait 
     52(1974) with Salmi's writings and speeches in 
     53addition to Joshi's own recollections of the 
     54radical theatre movement. 
     55 
     56 
     57'''FILMOGRAPHY'''(* also d) 1946: Dharti Ke 
     58Lal; Insaaf; 1947: Gudiya; 1948: Gunjan; 
     591951: Humlog; Maldar, 1952: Badnaam; 
     60Rabi; 1953: Akash: Do Bigha Zameen; 1954: 
     61Au/ad; Bazooband; Chalis Baba Ek Cbor, 
     62Jhljboori; 1955: Garam Coat; jau.:ab; joru Ka 
     63Bhai; Seema; Tangeu·ali; Vachan; Era Bator 
     64Sur: 1956: Taksaal; 1957: Lal Batti*; 
     65Pardesi; Bbabhi; Do Roti; Katbputli; Krishna 
     66Sudama; Jfai Baap; "Hamata; 1958: Devar 
     67Bbabhi: Ghar Grihasthi; Ghar Sansm~ 
     68Khazanchi; Lajwanti; Naya Kadam; Sane Ki 
     69Cbidiya; 1959: Black Cat; Chand: Chhoti 
     70Baheu; CID Girl: Heera Moti; Satta Bazaar; 
     711960: Auuradba; Bindiya; Dil Bhi Tem Hum 
     72Bhi Terl.'; Nai :Hera; 1961: Bhabbi Ki 
     73Cbudiyan; Kabuliwala; Sapan Suhane; 
     74Suhaag Sindoor; 1962: Anpadb; Shadi; 1963: 
     75Akela; 1964: Punar ,\Ii/an; Haqeeqat; Main 
     76Bhi Ladki Huon; 1965: Fa raw~ Waqt: Dak 
     77Ghar, 1966: Aaye Din Bahar Ki". Aasra; 
     78Laadla: ,veeml Hamari Khwah Tumhare; 
     79Pinjre Ke Panch!Ji; 1967: A man; Hammaz; 
     801\'a;.mibal; 1968 Aabroo; f)uniya; Izzat; Nee/ 
     81Kamal; Sangbm·sb; 1969: Do Raaste; Ek 
     82Pbool Do Muff; Hum Ek Jfain; Namnha 
     83Farishta; Talash; 1970: Dharti; Ghar Ghar Ki 
     84Kahani; Holi Aayee Re; iHere Humsafm~ Naya 
     85Raasta; Pavitra Papi; Pehchan; 1971: jawan 
     86/vfobabbat; Paraya Dhan: 1972: jungle Mein 
     87iHarzgal; jau·ani Diu:ani; Shayar-e-Kashmir 
     88Mahjoor; 1973: Chimrzi Ka Dhuan; Daman 
     89Aur Aag Garam Hawa: Hanste Zakhm: 
     90Hindustcm Ki Kasam; Pyar Ka Rishta; 1975: 
     91Amanat. 
     92 
     93[[Actor]]