Changes between Initial Version and Version 1 of Manilal Joshi

Jun 23, 2012, 12:17:23 PM (10 years ago)



  • Manilal Joshi

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     1'''Manilal Joshi  (1893-1927)''' 
     4Major silent director and one of the first to 
     5stand up for authorial rights of film directors. 
     6Also initiated the convention of giving onscreen 
     7credit to cast and crew. Former 
     8schoolteacher in Bombay, apprenticed to 
     9cameraman V.B. Joshi at Kohinoor Studio 
     10(1920). Turned film-maker at Ardeshir Irani’s 
     11Star Film (1922) with Veer Abhimanyu, 
     12apparently containing Indian cinema’s first 
     13flashbacks. His first independent production 
     14house (Swastika Film; Est: 1923) failed; then set 
     15up Ashoka Pics (1924) and made Prithvi 
     16Vallabh. Its success encouraged others to go 
     17independent as well. Worked for Kohinoor and 
     18took over production of its sister company, 
     19Laxmi Films (1925). Major film directors who 
     20worked with him around this time inc. 
     21B.P. Mishra and R.S. Choudhury (with 
     22Prithvi Vallabh and until the closure of Laxmi), 
     23and Chandulal Shah (who joined films at 
     24Laxmi). Made Mojili Mumbai, about the 
     25decadence of the urban Westernised 
     26bourgeoisie, one of the first films in a 
     27contemporary setting. Also worked briefly at 
     28Sharda Studio and at Vazir Haji’s Excelsior 
     29Film (1927). Films distinguished by careful 
     30cinematography and for ‘popularising the 
     31social’ (Bharucha, 1938). 
     34'''FILMOGRAPHY:''''''''' 1922: Veer Abhimanyu; 
     35Raja Parikshit; Ratnavali; 1923: Sati No Sraap; 
     36Kirat Arjun; 1924: Prithvi Vallabh; 1925: 
     37Indrasabha; Raj Yogi; Desh Na Dushman; 
     38Veer Kunal; Mojili Mumbai; Devadasi; 
     39Suvarna; Khandani Khavis; Kala Chor; Sati 
     40Simantini; 1926: Jungle Ni Jadibuti; 
     41Ajabkumari; Ratan Manjari; Dulari; 
     42Kashmeera; 1927: Nanand Bhojai; Parsa 
     43Eblis; Shrimati Nalini; Laila Majnu; Lohika 
     44Lilam; Prem Ni Pratima (all St).